A decision is a choice between alternatives. Managers choose courses of dynamism not only for themselves but for their organization and other people. Those on the upper levels of a large organization may make decisions involving millions of dollars. Even more powerful, managerial decisions may strongly influence the lives of many people, as least everyone who works for the manager, and maybe everyone in the entire organization. Managers cannot afford to make decisions casually. They must learn to reach a decision in a logical and orderly approach, with relevance to the decision processes (Coleman, 2008, p. 24)..
Decisions can be broken down into two different categories. The first categorization would be decisions that are common to a manager. These would include items like scheduling, hiring, firing, e.t.c. The other categorization would be significant decisions that have to be made on a less frequent basis. These would include items like opening a new factory, changing strategies, allocation of resources, etc. An org is an ongoing entity, and a choice made today will have ramifications far into the future. Therefore, the skillful head looks toward the future significances of current decisions (Bowerman, Connell, & Hand, 2001, p. 76).
In most cases, choice approach does require three stages; that is analyzing, decision making and decision planning respectively. In analyzing; one is to analyze the cause of the problem and outline options for the solution. This stage is the followed by decision making; this will find out all the possible alternatives; this means one will have to choose the best decision that he or she will be easy to solve the problem. Finally, the final step is decision planning, many do make a decision without planning, this means that do not end well (they do have poor consequences). Therefore, it is good to have planning after decision making (Coleman, 2008, p. 34).
In conclusion, decision making has been construed primarily as a choice from among alternatives, without any recognition of how the decision was being made or how it would be carried out. Recently, decision makers have given recognition to the decision-making process to predict the consequences of choices made. By using the entire decision making process as described, decision making can become more effective. Managers in the future will have to adjust to changes in society, and develop decision-making skills that can succeed in an often unpredictable environment (Bowerman, Connell, & Hand, 2001, p. 66).